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July 5, 2021

Scientific References

Stress


    • Turner, J., Hormones and REST: A Controlled Study of REST-Assisted Relaxation, Paper
      delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado, 1983

 

    • Koula, G., Jacobs G.D., Kemp J.C., Keane K.M.& Belden A.D., A Preliminary Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital Based Stress Management Program Utilizing Flotation REST Biofeedback, 1985

 

    • McGrady, A., Turner, J., Fine, T., Effects of Biobehaviorally-Assisted Relaxation Training on Blood Pressure, Plasma Renin, Cortisol, and Aldosterone Levels in Borderline Essential Hypertension, Clinical Biofeedback and Health, Volume 10, 1987

 

    • Rzewnicki R., Wallbaum A.B.C., Steel H. & Suedfeld P., REST for Muscle Contraction Headaches: A Comparison of Two REST Environments Combined with Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training, Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.245-254. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press., 1990

 

    • Turner, J., Fine, T., Restricting environmental stimulation influences levels and variability of plasma cortisol, Journal of Applied Physiology 70(5): 2010-2013, 1991

 

    • Schulz, P. and Kaspar, C., Neuroendocrine and psychological effects of REST in a flotation tank, Biological Psychology 37 p. 161-175, 1994

 

    • Dierendonck, D., Nihenjuis, J., Flotation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) as a stress-management tool: A meta-analysis, Psychology and Health June, 2005

 

    • Jonsson, K.; Kjellgren, A., Promising effects of treatment with flotation-REST (restricted environmental stimulation technique) as an intervention for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): a randomized controlled pilot trial, http://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral. com/articles/10.1186/s12906-016-1089-x, 2016
      Chamber REST Research

 

    • Solomon, P., Leiderman, P., Mendelson, J., Donald, W., Sensory Deprivation: A Review, The
      American Journal of Psychiatry, Volume 114, Issue 4, October 1957, 357-363

 

    • Suedfeld, P. Sensory deprivation stress: Birth order and instructional set as interacting variables, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 11(1), Jan 1969, 70-74

 

    • Suedfeld, P., Roy, C., Landon, P., Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in the Treatment of Essential Hypertension, Behavioral Restricted Therapy, Vol. 20, 1982

 

    • Suedfeld, P., Distress, No Stress, Anti-Stress, Eustress: Where Does REST Fit In?, 1990

 

 

Pain Reduction


    • Turner, J.; DeLeon, A.; Gibson, C.; Fine, T., Effects of Flotation REST on Range Motion,
      Grip Strength and Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 297-306, 1993

 

    • Kjellgren, A., Relaxation in a floatation tank brings peace and quiet, increased well-being and reduced pain, The Swedish Research Council 05.11.2003, 2003

 

    • Åsenlöf, K., Olsson, S., Bood, S. Å., & Norlander, T., Case studies on fibromyalgia and burn-out depression using psychotherapy in combination with flotation-REST: Personality development and increased well-being, Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 2007

 

    • Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T, Effects of REST(Restricted Environmental Stimulation technique) on Stress related muscle pain: Are 33 flotation sessions more effective than 12 sessions?, Personality and Behaviour, 35, 143-156, 2007
      Chamber REST Research

 

    • Barabasz, A. F., Restricted environmental stimulation and the enhancement of hypnotizability:
      pain, EEG alpha, skin conductance and temperature responses, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 30, 147-166., 1982

 

Improved Mental Health


    • Pudvah M.B. & Rzewnicki R., Six Months in the Tank: The Long-Term Effects of
      Flotation Isolation on State Anxiety, Hostility and Depression, Restricted Environmental Stimulation:Research and Commentary. pp. 79-85, 1990

 

    • Kjellgren, A., Psychotherapeutic Treatment in Combination with Relaxation in a Flotation Tank: Effects on “Burn-Out Syndrome”, The Qualitative Report Volume 15 Number 5, September, 2010, 31-32

 

    • Jonsson, K.; Kjellgren, A., Promising effects of treatment with flotation-REST (restricted environmental stimulation technique) as an intervention for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): a randomized controlled pilot trial, http://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral. com/articles/10.1186/s12906-016-1089-x, 2016
      Chamber REST Research

 

    • Azima, H., Vispo, R.; Azima, F.J., Observations on anaclitic therapy during sensory
      deprivation., In P. Solomon, P E. Kubzansky, P. H. Leiderman, J. H. Mendelson, R. Trumbull & D. Wexler, Eds., Sensory Deprivation, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 143- 160., 1961

 

    • Maier, W.J., Sensory Deprivation Therapy of an Autistic Boy, American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 25, pp. 228-245, 1970

 

    • Suedfeld P. & Schwartz G., Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) as a Treatment for Autistic Children, Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 4, #3, 196-201, 1980
      Anecdotal Evidence

 

    • Edebol, H., Enhanced independence and quality of life through treatment with flotation-REST
      of a patient with both Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Aspergers Syndrome: a case report, Cases Journal, 7 July 2009, http://casesjournal.com/casesjournal/article/ view/6979

 

Physical Recovery and Training

    • Lee, A. B. & Hewitt, J., Using visual imagery in a flotation tank to improve gymnastic
      performance and reduce physical symptoms., International Journal of Sport Psychology, 1987

 

    • McAleney, P. J., Barabasz, A. & Barabasz, M., Effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation on intercollegiate tennis performance, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1990

 

    • Suedfeld, P., Flotation REST and Imagery in the Improvement of Athletic Performance, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 12, 82-85, 1990

 

    • Norlander, T., Primary Process in Competitive Archery Performance: Effects of Flotation REST, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 11, 194-209, 1999

 

    • Barabasz, A., Barabasz M., Bauman J., Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 867-873, 1993

 

    • Wagaman J. & Barabasz A., Flotation REST and Imagery in the Improvement of Collegiate Athletic Performance: Basketball, Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.87-92. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc, 1993

 

    • Morgan, P., The acute effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation technique on recovery from maximal eccentric exercise, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Exercises, Dec. 27, 2013

 

    • Driller, M., Flotation REST and napping on mood state and muscle soreness in elite athletes: A novel recovery strategy?, Performance Enhancement & Health, August 18, 2016
      Chamber REST Research

 

    • Stanley J., Mahoney M., & Reppert S., REST and the Enhancement of Sports Performance:
      A Panel Presentation and Discussion, 2nd International Conference on REST. pp.168-183. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications., 1982

 

    • Barabasz, A., Barabasz M., Bauman J., Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 867-873, 1993

 

Enhanced Creativity


    • Suedfeld, P., Metcalfe, J. & Bluck, S., Enhancement of scientific creativity by flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique), Journal of Environmental Psychology (1987) 7, 219-231, 1987

 

    • Norlander, T., Bergman, H., & Archer, T., Effects of flotation REST on creative problem solving and originality, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 399- 408, 1990

 

    • Suedfeld, P. & Eich, E., Autobiographical Memory and Affect Under Conditions of Reduced Environmental Stimulation, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 1995

 

    • Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T., The experience of flotation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness, Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 2001

 

    • Vartanian, Oshin & Suedfeld, P., The effect of the floatation version of restricted environmental stimulation technique (REST) on Jazz Improvisation, Music and Medicine, October 2011 3(4), p. 234-238, 2011, 33/34.

 

    • Fuerst, K. and Zubek, J. P., Effects of sensory and perceptual deprivation on a battery of open-
      ended cognitive tasks, Canadian Journal of Psychology, 22, 122-130, 1968

 

    • Zubek, J., Behavioral and Physiological Effects of of Prolonged Sensory and Perceptual Deprivation: A Review, Man in Isolation and Confinement, 1973

 


Women’s Health


    • Barabasz, A. F. and Barabasz, M., The effects of consecutive floats and their timing on
      premenstrual syndrome, 1993
      Anecdotal Evidence

 

    • “Kirsten Gerrish & Lena Kilic – Float Conference 2016”. 11:03. Posted by Float Conference,
      November 22, 2016, https://youtu.be/g9oZhbSMtSQ

 


Addiction

    • Adams, H. B., Studies in REST: Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse,
      Report for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 1987
      Chamber REST Research

 

    • J.A. Best, Satiation and sensory deprivation combined in smoking therapy: Some case studies
      and unexpected side-effects, International Journal of Addiction, Vol. 12, pp. 337-359, 1977

 

    • Forgays, D., Flotation REST as a smoking intervention, Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 1987

 

    • Suedfeld, P., Restricted Environmental Stimulation and Smoking Cessation: A 15-Year Progress Report, The International Journal of the Addictions, August, 25(8), 861-88, 1990

 

    • David B., A Pilot Test of REST as a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Abusers, 1997
      Anecdotal Evidence

 

    • Goldman, A., The Lives of John Lennon, Chicago Review Press, 1988 floattanksolutions.com

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Scientific References

Stress Turner, J., Hormones and REST: A Controlled Study of REST-Assisted Relaxation, Paperdelivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado, 1983  

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